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Socio-economic category:
High deprivation
Socio-economic category: High deprivation

How alcohol consumption varies by socio-economic disadvantage

The Causes and risk factors section reported that people in professional jobs and on higher incomes are more likely to be drinking at ‘increasing risk’ levels. Data from the Hackney resident health and wellbeing survey are consistent with these findings, showing that high risk drinking (based on calculated AUDIT-C scores) is less common among adults …

Dietary interventions of relevance across the life course

Addressing social inequalities in dietary behaviours The ‘Food Standards Pocket Book’ estimates that the food purchases of the lowest income households could be adjusted to meet the recommendations set out in the Eatwell Plate (the previous version of the Eatwell Guide) by altering spending on different types of food as follows (£ per person per …

How diet varies by socioeconomic disadvantage

National data show that, compared with higher income families, low income households consume fewer fruits and vegetables, get more energy from free sugars and consume less fibre.  Data from the 2015 Living Costs and Food Survey show that consumption of fruit and vegetables has fallen in lower income groups in recent years (between 2007 and …

Diet – Causes and risk factors

The most important individual risk factors for poor diet are ageing, ill health, eating disorders and socio-economic circumstances.  Many of these risk factors are described in the Inequalities section. There is growing recognition that people do not make dietary choices based on the full costs and benefits of these decisions.  Decisions over what, when and …

How physical activity varies by social deprivation

Nationally, people living in the least prosperous areas are twice as likely to be physically inactive as those living in the most prosperous areas. In Hackney, research suggests that the same trends hold true. People who own their own home (a proxy for higher levels of income or wealth) report being more active than social …

How physical activity varies by ethnicity and religion

National data show that many minority ethnic groups are less active than average and are less likely to achieve the recommended levels of regular physical activity. This is most pronounced for Bangladeshi and Pakistani women. One of the recommendations for tackling obesity from the recent 5-19s health needs assessment in Hackney and the City is …

How should we provide treatment, care and support for smokers

Targeted, high quality SSS are a key component of cost-effective tobacco control strategies at local and national level, and essential to the reduction of health inequalities. Research shows that people who access evidence-based SSS are four times as likely to quit as if they tried to go it alone. Recommendations on delivery of SSS from …

How does smoking vary by deprivation in the City?

It is not possible to analyse City data by area deprivation. Virtually all (93%) of those using City-based SSS in 2015/16 had their occupation coded as managerial/professional. Based on recorded GP practice, most of these are not City residents.

How does smoking vary by deprivation in Hackney?

Hackney is among the most deprived local authorities in England and its smoking prevalence is comparatively high (see section 3.5).  Figure 1 shows that inequalities by deprivation also exist within Hackney, with residents in the most deprived quintile being 19% more likely to smoke than those in the least deprived quintile. However, it should be …

How does smoking vary by deprivation nationally?

While smoking prevalence overall has declined significantly in recent years, both locally and nationally (see the Comparisons with other areas and over time subsection), it remains much higher in disadvantaged and socially marginalised groups. In England, the premature death rate is more than three times higher in the lowest compared to the highest socio-economic groups.  …