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Section category:
Introduction
Section category: Introduction

Soc&Env: Community safety: Introduction

Community safety is related to actual and perceived levels of crime and the fear of crime in a local area.  It is affected by a variety of issues, some of which are defined in Box 1, and can have significant impacts on the health and wellbeing of victims, families, witnesses and perpetrators. Crime-related incidents, together …

Soc&Env: The ‘Food Environment’: Introduction

Food is vital to individuals, communities, businesses and the economy.  This section describes the elements of the ‘food environment’ that influence individual and community food choices, with a particular focus on how this impacts on population health.  Dietary behaviours are described in more detail in the ‘Lifestyle and behaviour’ JSNA chapter. There are many important …

Soc&Env: Work and worklessness: Introduction

Employment is good for health.  Earnings from paid employment can provide access to a good standard of living and being in work is linked to a positive sense of wellbeing. People who are not working have a higher risk of poor physical and mental health, have fewer social connections and are less active on average. …

Soc&Env: Education and training: Introduction

This section covers education and training outcomes for residents of Hackney and the City of London, highlighting the impact on health and wellbeing, key inequalities, and providing examples of effective local practice. There are strong links between education, health and quality of life. Research has shown that positive wellbeing in pupils can lead to improved …

Soc&Env: Living standards: Introduction

This section describes living standards among the population of Hackney and the City, and the important links with health and wellbeing. Living standards relate to the material circumstances in which people live, and are influenced by levels of income and wealth, as well as access to goods and services.  Living standards can be measured in …

Soc&Env: Places and spaces: Introduction

This section describes the health and wellbeing impacts of the buildings and public spaces where we live, work, shop, relax and socialise. It includes consideration of the influence of parks and green spaces, as well as the composition of our high streets (with a focus on hot food takeaways, betting shops payday lenders, night-tem venues …

Soc&Env: Housing and homelessness: Introduction

Ensuring an adequate supply of appropriate, affordable housing for the growing and changing populations of Hackney and the City is a key priority in both local authority areas.  In the recent Hackney: a place for everyone (HAPFE) consultation, housing was the top concern of Hackney residents when asked what has got worse in the local …

Soc&Env: Transport and travel: Introduction

This chapter explores the links between transport and travel and health, with a focus on local level impacts. Transport plays a key role in contributing to a range of health outcomes and wider socio-economic influences on health. A well-functioning transport system: supports the local economy; facilitates access to employment, training and essential services; minimises carbon …

CYP: Mental Health: Introduction

Mental ill health in childhood is strongly linked to mental ill health later in life. Half of all adults with mental ill health experience their first symptoms by the age of fourteen, and three-quarters by the age of twenty-four. Prevention and treatment of mental ill health in childhood not only helps children and families at …

CYP: Use of Clinical Services: Introduction

In this section, data are presented on the use of primary and secondary healthcare services by children and young people in Hackney and the City. Please note that this section does not include community or universal services (e.g. Health Visiting (see The Best Start in Life section on local services), young people’s health services (see …