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Section category:
Health and wellbeing impacts
Section category: Health and wellbeing impacts

Soc&Env: Community safety: Health and wellbeing impacts

Experience of crime impacts on the mental and physical health of victims, families and those witnessing or participating in criminal and anti-social behaviour. Fear of crime may also lead to negative impacts on an individual’s health and wellbeing and may be a barrier to individuals engaging in health improving activities, including outdoor activities (such as …

Soc&Env: The ‘Food Environment’: Health and wellbeing impacts

The food environment influences people’s choices over what they eat and these choices directly impact on health and wellbeing.  At an individual level, food plays a role that goes far beyond simply supplying people with energy and sustenance.  A healthy or balanced diet (see Box 1) is an important factor in preventing a range of …

Soc&Env: Health and wellbeing impacts of unemployment and economic inactivity

Unemployment is associated with negative health outcomes, increasing the risk of limiting long-term illness, mental health problems and cardiovascular disease, as well as higher mortality rates (including from suicide).   The greatest impact is felt among those who experience long-term unemployment. Unemployment affects health in three main ways, by: creating financial problems (which affect living …

Soc&Env: Health and wellbeing impacts of employment

There is good evidence that work is good for health and wellbeing. The Department of Work and Pensions (DWP) commissioned a review of this topic in 2006, which found that: employment provides economic resources and therefore material wellbeing work meets important psychological needs because work is a social norm, and because it is central to …

Soc&Env: Education and training: Health and wellbeing impacts

Evidence shows that education and health are closely linked. Good educational attainment is strongly associated with better health outcomes in later life. Conversely, a low level of education is linked to poorer health outcomes. A national analysis of mortality based on educational qualifications found that “for people aged 30 and above, if everyone had their …

Soc&Env: Living standards: Health and wellbeing impacts of welfare reform

Welfare reform is a very relevant issue locally given the large number of people claiming out-of-work and/or housing related benefits in Hackney especially, the relatively high cost of housing in London, and the high cost of child care (particularly for lone parents).  The reforms are significantly affecting households with children. The reforms also place an …

Soc&Env: Living standards: Health and wellbeing impacts of child poverty

Poverty is a driver of poor health and wellbeing outcomes for children, independent of other factors that correlate with household income.   Factors associated with low income – such as poor housing, as well as parental unemployment, debt and mental health issues – compound the impact of poverty on child health.  Children living in low-income households …

Soc&Env: Living standards: Health and wellbeing impacts by deprivation

It is well documented that people living in more deprived areas live shorter and unhealthier lives. The Marmot Review reported that average life expectancy in England is seven years lower in the poorest areas compared to the richest communities and disability-free life expectancy is 17 years lower.  Figure 2 below shows associations between area deprivation …

Soc&Env: Living standards: Health and wellbeing impacts

Living standards and health are inextricably linked. Poverty is both a cause and a consequence of poor health and wellbeing: people living in deprived circumstances are more likely to suffer from a range of physical and mental health problems; and being in poor health reduces employment and other opportunities to achieve a secure income and …