Healthy transport policies and interventions can contribute to reducing health inequalities. For example, encouraging active travel can increase physical activity levels, which decline with age and are lower among females, certain ethnic minority groups and low-income households. Similarly, action to reduce congestion and traffic-related emissions, noise and injuries will have greatest benefit in more socially-deprived communities, which are more likely to live in areas located near busy roads. 1

This section provides information related to the health and wellbeing impacts on transport and travel. The section is framed around the following topics:

Local inequalities data by gender

Local inequalities data by age

Local inequalities data by ethnicity

Local inequalities data by disability

Local inequalities data by socio-economic disadvantage


  1. Faculty of Public Health, “Transport & health: Briefing statement,” 2013