Congested roads have notable negative health impacts, such as high levels of air pollution, noise and increased injury risk. 1 By influencing people’s preferred modes of travel, transport policies can have a significant positive impact on population health, for example through measures to:

  • reduce motorised traffic
  • reduce air pollution
  • increase active travel (i.e. walking and cycling)
  • improve road safety.

This section provides information related to the health and wellbeing impacts on transport and travel. The section is framed around the following topics:

Traffic congestion, emissions and noise

Active travel

Road traffic injuries and deaths




  1. Greater London Authority, “Better Environment, Better Health: A GLA guide for
    London’s Boroughs, London Borough of Hackney,” 2013.