Table 2 shows mode shares and trip rates for Hackney and the City of London, compared to London as a whole. Bus and cycle use is much higher in Hackney than London overall, walking is slightly higher and rail and taxi/other use are similar. Car/motorcycle use in Hackney is much lower and Underground/DLR use is slightly lower than the London average. In the City of London use of rail, Underground/DLR and taxi/other is much higher than the London average, and cycling and walking are slightly higher. Bus use is much lower in the City of London than London as a whole.

Table 2: Mode shares and trip rates, by local authority of residence (2012/13 – 2014/15)

  Hackney City of London London
Rail 5.3% 19.6% 5.0%
Underground/DLR 7.2% 27.1% 8.5%
Bus/tram 22.6% 8.1% 14.9%
Taxi/other 1.4% 3.1% 1.3%
Car/motorcycle 19.9% 4.3% 35.1%
Cycle 6.6% 3.5% 2.7%
Walk 36.9% 34.3% 32.4%

Source: London Travel Demand Survey 9

Figure 10 shows Hackney and the City’s rates of car ownership compared with London and statistical peers. Both Hackney and the City have much lower rates of car ownership than the London average.

In Hackney, Census data shows that the proportion of households without a car or van rose from 56% in 2001 to 65% by 2011, a rise of nine percentage points. 10 11  In the City, the proportion of households without a car or van rose from 62% in 2001 to 69% by 2011, a rise of seven percentage points. 12 13

Figure 10: Households owning one or more car (2011)

 Bar chart showing the percentages of cars being owned by households in different London boroughs. Hackney shows 35% and the City of London shows 31% in comparison to London at 58% and England at 74%
Households owning one or more car (2011)

Source: ONS Census

Figure 11 shows the proportion of working residents of Hackney and the City who cycle to work compared with national and regional averages and statistical peers. Both Hackney and the City have higher rates of commuter cycling than London and England, but Hackney has a much higher rate than other areas and the third highest rate in England (please note, the figures presented in Figure 11 are not adjusted to take account of those who work from home, as presented in Section 8.4.2, as this local analysis has only been undertaken for Hackney).

By 2011, the proportion of working residents who commute by bicycle had more than doubled in both Hackney and the City since the last Census in 2001. In Hackney, rates increased by 232% and in the City by 228%, the second and third largest increases in the country respectively. 14 15  These increases have been observed across all neighbourhoods in Hackney, ranging from a 50% increase in New River ward to a huge 718% increase in Lea Bridge. Commuter cycling rates are expected to rise further in Hackney, with a target of 25% by 2025. 16

Figure 11: Proportion of working residents cycling to work (age 16-74, 2011)

Bar chart showing the percentage of working residents cycling to work in different London boroughs. Hackney shows 14%, City of London shows 5% in comparison to London at 4% and England at 3%,
Proportion of working residents cycling to work (age 16-74, 2011)

Source: ONS Census

Figure 12 shows the proportion of working residents of Hackney and the City who walk to work compared with national and regional averages and statistical peers. Both Hackney and the City have higher rates than London and England, but Hackney is at the lower end of the range of its statistical peers (7%). The City has the highest rate of walking to work in the country (34%).

Figure 12: Proportion of working residents walking to work (age 16-74, 2011)

percentage of working residents walking to work in different boroughs in London. Hackney showing 7% and City of London showing 34% in comparison to London at 5% and England at 6%
Proportion of working residents walking to work

Source: ONS Census

 

References

  1. Transport for London, “London Travel Demand Survey,” 2015.
  2. Office for National Statistics, “2001 Census: Digitised Boundary Data (England and Wales),” [Online]. Available: http://edina.ac.uk/census. [Accessed November 2016].
  3. Transport for London, “London Travel Demand Survey,” 2015.
  4. Office for National Statistics, “2001 Census: Digitised Boundary Data (England and Wales),” [Online]. Available: http://edina.ac.uk/census. [Accessed November 2016].
  5. Transport for London, “London Travel Demand Survey,” 2015.
  6. Office for National Statistics, “2001 Census: Digitised Boundary Data (England and Wales),” [Online]. Available: http://edina.ac.uk/census. [Accessed November 2016].
  7. Transport for London, “London Travel Demand Survey,” 2015.
  8. Hackney Council, “Hackney Transport Strategy 2015-2025,” 2016.
  9. Transport for London, “London Travel Demand Survey,” 2015.
  10. Office for National Statistics, “2001 Census: Digitised Boundary Data (England and Wales),” [Online]. Available: http://edina.ac.uk/census. [Accessed November 2016].
  11. Transport for London, “London Travel Demand Survey,” 2015.
  12. Office for National Statistics, “2001 Census: Digitised Boundary Data (England and Wales),” [Online]. Available: http://edina.ac.uk/census. [Accessed November 2016].
  13. Transport for London, “London Travel Demand Survey,” 2015.
  14. Office for National Statistics, “2001 Census: Digitised Boundary Data (England and Wales),” [Online]. Available: http://edina.ac.uk/census. [Accessed November 2016].
  15. Transport for London, “London Travel Demand Survey,” 2015.
  16. Hackney Council, “Hackney Transport Strategy 2015-2025,” 2016.