Figure 6 shows that in 2014 in Hackney, 7.2% of all-cause adult mortality (in the over 30s) was attributable to particulate air pollution, which is higher than the national and London average but similar to its statistical peers (statistical significance cannot be ascertained as confidence intervals are not available). In the City, this figure was 8.3%, the highest in the country. The City of London Corporation has been taking a wide range of action to both improve local air quality and to help people to reduce their exposure to pollution.  For further information see Services and support available locally and Challenges and opportunities.

Figure 6: All-cause adult mortality attributable to particulate air pollution (aged over 30, 2014)

City of London highest of comparative group
Figure 6: All-cause adult mortality attributable to particulate air pollution (aged over 30, 2014)

Source: Public Health Outcomes Framework

Note: Confidence intervals not provided

Figure 7 shows trends in the fraction of all-cause adult mortality attributable to particulate air pollution in the over 30s. Both Hackney and the City have seen a slight downward trend over the last three years, in line with national and regional patterns (statistical significance cannot be ascertained as confidence intervals are not available).

Figure 7: All-cause adult mortality attributable to particulate air pollution (aged over 30, 2010 – 2014)

Shows gradual decline over time for England, London, Hackney and the City
Figure 7: All-cause adult mortality attributable to particulate air pollution (aged over 30, 2010 – 2014)

Source: Public Health Outcomes Framework

Note: Confidence intervals not provided

Figure 8 shows the percentage of the population exposed to significant daytime road, rail and air transport noise in Hackney and the City compared to national and regional averages, as well as statistical peers. Hackney’s rate of 14% is much higher than the England average, but is similar to the London average and many of its statistical peers (again please note, statistical significance cannot be ascertained).  The City’s rate of 29% is the highest in the country and much higher than the London or national average. This is due to its location, at the heart of London, and the density of development.

Figure 8: Population exposed to significant daytime road, rail and air transport noise (2011)

City of London highest of comparative group
Figure 8: Population exposed to significant daytime road, rail and air transport noise (2011)

Source: Public Health Outcomes Framework

Note: Confidence intervals not provided

Figure 9 shows the percentage of the population exposed to significant night-time road, rail and air transport noise in Hackney and the City compared to national and regional averages, as well as statistical peers. Hackney’s rate of 18% is much higher than the England average and slightly higher than the London average, but is generally similar to its statistical peers (although statistical significance cannot be ascertained). The City’s rate of 29% is higher than Hackney, London and England averages.

Figure 9: Population exposed to significant night-time road, rail and air transport noise (2011)

City of London highest of comparative group
Figure 9: Population exposed to significant night-time road, rail and air transport noise (2011)

Source: Public Health Outcomes Framework

Note: Confidence intervals not provided

The proportion of the population exposed to daytime and night-time traffic noise has reduced in Hackney since 2006, falling from 17% to 14% in the daytime and 22% to 18% in the night-time. This is in line with London and national averages. The reductions are more significant in the City over this same period, with a sharp fall from 42% to 29% in those affected by daytime noise and from 48% to 29% in those affected by night-time noise.