There is strong evidence that greater opportunities for gambling (i.e. availability and accessibility of venues) increases the number of regular and problem gamblers in an area. 1  There are 25 betting shops per 100,000 resident population in Hackney.A  Meaningful estimates for the City are not available (comparison of betting shops)

National surveys show that 68% of men and 61% of women aged 16 and over gamble, but only 0.8% of men and 0.2% of women are estimated to be problem gamblers. 2  There are no data available on the number of problem gamblers in Hackney or the City, but a crude estimate (based on these national figures) would imply that there are just over 1,000 problem gamblers in Hackney and around 40 problem gamblers in the City. 3

Approximately one in 10 people in the UK go to betting shops and 4% of the population use electronic gambling machines, such as FOBTs. 4  National studies suggest that 7% of men and 2% women were ‘at risk of’ harm from gambling behaviour in the last 12 months – applied to the local adult population, this may imply that nearly 9,500 people in Hackney and just under 400 people in the City are at risk of gambling-related harm. 5

As mentioned above, there is limited Hackney or City specific data on the number of local gamblers or the harms associated with gambling, apart from a small scale project with the Chinese community (see Box 3).

Box 3: Case study – gambling in the Chinese community

Research from 2013, carried out as part of a local project looking at access to healthcare among the Chinese community in Hackney, found gambling to be a very serious issue.

The project interviewed 852 Chinese people (by phone or face-to-face) who were randomly selected from the Hackney Chinese Community Centre membership database, Chinese school enrolment, BT phone registry and on major streets of Hackney and Chinatown. Surprisingly, three quarters (75%) of those interviewed described themselves as being addicted to gambling. The report advocated expansion of support for debt advice and gambling awareness for members of the Chinese community in Hackney.

Notes

  1. http://www.gamblingcommission.gov.uk/Find-licensees.aspx

References

  1. Ben Cave Associates and Southwark Council, “Betting, borrowing and health. Health impacts of betting shops and payday loan shops in Southwark,” 2014
  2. H. Wardle, A. Moody and S. Spence, “British Gambling Prevalence Survey 2010,” National Centre for Social Research, 2011
  3. The Bureau of Investigative Journalism, “High Cost Credit. UK: One short-term lender for every seven banks on the high street,” 2014. [Online]. Available: https://www.thebureauinvestigates.com/2014/03/12/uk-one-short-term-lender-for-every-seven-banks-on-the-high-street/. [Accessed December 2016]
  4. Ben Cave Associates and Southwark Council, “Betting, borrowing and health. Health impacts of betting shops and payday loan shops in Southwark,” 2014
  5. Ben Cave Associates and Southwark Council, “Betting, borrowing and health. Health impacts of betting shops and payday loan shops in Southwark,” 2014