As mentioned in Health and Wellbeing Impacts section, proximity of schools to fast food takeaways is likely to influence the dietary patterns of pupils, thus contributing to poorer health outcomes in young residents.

Research also shows that there are higher levels of obesity in communities with higher concentrations  of fast-food outlets and that concentrations of fast-food outlets are highest in the most deprived areas. 4 5

In a recent survey, two in five adult residents (43%) of the most deprived parts of Hackney said that they eat takeaway food at least once a week; compared to 33% among residents of more affluent areas. 6

Figure 2 shows the geographical distribution of takeaways in Hackney, based on Ordnance Survey (OS) points of interest data. The map shows that there are particular areas with higher numbers of takeaways – notably Dalston, London Fields and Hoxton. Other areas, including in the north west and south east of the borough, have relatively fewer takeaways.  The density of takeaways in the City of London is particularly high – many of these mainly serve food at lunchtime to workers.

Figure 2: Density of fast food outlets in Hackney, by neighbourhood (ward and LSOA, 2014)

Figure 2: Density of fast food outlets in Hackney, by neighbourhood (ward and LSOA, 2014)

References

  1. S. N. Zenk, A. J. Schulz and A. Odoms-Young, “How Neighborhood Environments Contribute to Obesity,” The American journal of nursing, no. doi: 10.1097/01.NAJ.0000357175.86507.c8, 2009
  2. Public Health England, “Healthy people, healthy places briefing. Obesity and the environment: regulating the growth of fast food outlets,” 2014
  3. Ipsos MORI for Hackney Council, “Health and Wellbeing in Hackney: Survey Report for Hackney Council,” 2015
  4. S. N. Zenk, A. J. Schulz and A. Odoms-Young, “How Neighborhood Environments Contribute to Obesity,” The American journal of nursing, no. doi: 10.1097/01.NAJ.0000357175.86507.c8, 2009
  5. Public Health England, “Healthy people, healthy places briefing. Obesity and the environment: regulating the growth of fast food outlets,” 2014
  6. Ipsos MORI for Hackney Council, “Health and Wellbeing in Hackney: Survey Report for Hackney Council,” 2015