Parks and open spaces are a vital part of public life. Attractive, safe and accessible parks and green spaces provide a wide range of social, economic, health and environmental benefits.

Many open spaces are multi-functional and offer formal and informal leisure opportunities, wildlife habitat and green routes through borough local areas, all of which contributes to improved physical and mental health and general wellbeing. Parks and open spaces offer places where communities can socialise, and access sporting facilities and are a major focal point of community life. 1 2 3


  1. University College London, Public Health England, “Local action on health inequalities: Improving access to green space. Health Equity Review 8: September 2014,” 2014
  2. Faculty of Public Health policy department, “Great Outdoors: How Our Natural Health Service Uses Green Space To Improve Wellbeing. Briefing Statement,” 2010
  3. A. C. Lee and R. Maheswaran, “The health benefits of urban green spaces: a review of the evidence,” Journal of Public Health, vol. 33, pp. 212-222, 2010