Table 4 shows that most children living in low-income households in Hackney are in a lone parent family (74%); among the total child population, under a third (31%) are in a lone parent family.  Similar patterns are observed for the City of London.

Table 4: Total number of children in Hackney and the City in lone parent families (2013)

    Hackney City of London
 

All children (age 0-15) –

2011, Census

 

Not lone parent 35,414 490
Lone parent 15,691 102
 

Low income (dependant under 20) – 2013, HM Revenue & Customs (HMRC)

Not lone parent 4,625 40
  Lone parent 12,910 40

Source: HMRC (Personal Tax Credits: Related Statistics – Child Poverty Statistics)

Analysis by the IFS has shown that children in the poorest families have lost out the most as a result of recent changes to the benefits system. 4  Local indicative estimates suggest that over 7,000 children in Hackney were affected by the initial reforms to LHA and the introduction of the benefit cap. 5

Households with no-one in paid work are set to lose out more from recent tax and benefit changes than those containing at least one working adult, on average.  The average loss of income for a non-working couple with children is almost £4,000 a year.  Pensioner households are relatively unaffected by recent welfare reforms. 6

References

  1. Institute for Fiscal Studies, “The Impact of Proposed Tax, Benefit and Minimum Wage Reforms on Household Incomes and Work Incentives,” Institute for Fiscal Studies, 2015.
  2. Hackney Council, “Child poverty needs assessment 2014,” 2014.
  3. Institute for Fiscal Studies, “Do the UK Government’s welfare reforms make work pay?,” 2013. [Online]. Available: http://www.ifs.org.uk/wps/wp1326.pdf (PDF document).
  4. Institute for Fiscal Studies, “The Impact of Proposed Tax, Benefit and Minimum Wage Reforms on Household Incomes and Work Incentives,” Institute for Fiscal Studies, 2015.
  5. Hackney Council, “Child poverty needs assessment 2014,” 2014.
  6. Institute for Fiscal Studies, “Do the UK Government’s welfare reforms make work pay?,” 2013. [Online]. Available: http://www.ifs.org.uk/wps/wp1326.pdf (PDF document).