A description of the household tenure shares for Hackney and the City of London is provided in Table 3.A

The social housing sector in Hackney is the one of the largest in London and houses more residents locally than any other tenure. The recent growth in the private rented sector (see the comparisons section) has mainly been at the expense of home ownership which, at 26%, is one of the lowest levels in the country.

In the City, the private rented sector is the largest tenure, followed by accommodation that is owned outright and then buying with a mortgage and the social rented sector. These patterns at least in part reflect the age profile of the City’s resident population.  A relatively high proportion of City residents (5%) live ‘rent free’, which could be explained by residents living in company-owned flats. 1

Table 3: Household tenure share, Hackney, the City of London, London and England

Hackney City of London London England
Owned (all) 26% 43% 50% 64%
Owned: Owned outright 9% 25% 21% 31%
Owned: Owned with a mortgage or loan 15% 17% 27% 33%
Shared ownership (part owned and part rented) 2% 0% 1% 1%
Social rented (all) 44% 17% 24% 18%
Social rented: Rented from council (local authority) 24% 10% 14% 9%
Social rented: Other 20% 6% 11% 8%
Private rented (all) 30% 41% 26% 18%
Private rented: Private landlord or letting agency 28% 33% 24% 15%
Private rented: Other 1% 3% 1% 1%
Living rent free 1% 5% 1% 1%

Source: Census 2011

The proportion of HMOs as a share of Hackney’s total housing stock is estimated to be one of the highest of all London local authorities. As of September 2016, Hackney had 191 licensed HMOs. The City currently has five licensed HMOs.

Tenure and health

Figure 4 shows that people living in social housing are the least likely to report their general health as ‘good’ or ‘very good’, followed by those residents who own their own home outright.  These patterns are likely to be linked to the socio-demographic profile of these tenures – those who own outright tend to be older in general and people living in social housing are more deprived.

Figure 4 also shows that tenants in the private rented sector have the highest levels of self-reported general health overall, which reflects a mixed profile of private tenants locally – some vulnerable families living in poor housing conditions alongside younger, more affluent single people (see inequalities section).  See the Local Data on Housing Conditions section for a description of housing conditions and the Local Data on Affordability and Availability section for information on levels of welfare dependency in the private rented sector.

Figure 4: Self-reported health, by housing tenure in Hackney and the City of London (2011)

Figure 4: Self-reported health, by housing tenure in Hackney and the City of London (2011)

Source: ‘Hackney Public Health Intelligence Bulletin’, 8 April 2016

Note: this graphic combines Census responses for residents in Hackney and the City of London


  1. 2011 Census data has been used for comparison purposes throughout this document- more recent data are available through the Annual Population Survey, but the sample for the City of London is too low to provide any meaningful data. The Annual Population Survey is available at https://data.london.gov.uk/dataset/housing-tenure-households-borough/resource/785f6f0e-cc4b-42fd-8093-597b009555f2


  1. Office of National Statistics, “Tenure by household composition,” 2011. [Online]. Available: https://www.nomisweb.co.uk/census/2011/dc4101ew. [Accessed November 2016].