In 2015, the Home Office published ‘Preventing youth violence and gang involvement: practical advice for schools and colleges’, which identified the following interventions and techniques to be effective in preventing violence in general: 5

  • mentoring
  • anti-bullying programmes
  • improving social skills
  • involving parents
  • cognitive behavioural therapy.

In 2015, the Early Intervention Foundation published a rapid review of effective interventions to prevent gang involvement, youth violence and crime. 6  This review found that, while there are a range of interventions aimed at preventing young people from becoming involved in gangs, the evidence as to whether they are effective remains unclear.  The review also revealed that the majority of the evidence is from outside the UK (mainly from the USA). Figure 10 provides a summary of the key findings of this review.

For a case study related to the Hackney Integrated Gangs Unit, please see Hackney Council’s Community Partnership Plan 7

Figure 10: Key findings of literature review on preventing gang involvement and youth violence 8

Figure 10: Key findings of literature review on preventing gang involvement and youth violence

Source: Adapted from Early Intervention Foundation

References

  1. Home Office, “Preventing youth violence and gang involvement: Practical advice for schools and colleges,” 2015
  2. R. O’Connor and S. Waddell, “What works to prevent gang involvement, youth violence and crime,” Early Intervention Foundation (commissioned by Home Office), 2015
  3. Hackney Council, “Community Safety Partnership Plan 2016-2018,” London, 2016
  4. R. O’Connor and S. Waddell, “What works to prevent gang involvement, youth violence and crime,” Early Intervention Foundation (commissioned by Home Office), 2015
  5. Home Office, “Preventing youth violence and gang involvement: Practical advice for schools and colleges,” 2015
  6. R. O’Connor and S. Waddell, “What works to prevent gang involvement, youth violence and crime,” Early Intervention Foundation (commissioned by Home Office), 2015
  7. Hackney Council, “Community Safety Partnership Plan 2016-2018,” London, 2016
  8. R. O’Connor and S. Waddell, “What works to prevent gang involvement, youth violence and crime,” Early Intervention Foundation (commissioned by Home Office), 2015