Figure 3 shows that while Hackney’s rate of violence against the person offences is higher than the average for England and London, it is similar to most of its statistical peer boroughs. The City of London (not shown on the chart) has a much higher recorded rate, at 100 per 1,000 population (as mentioned earlier, this is due to the denominator including the small resident population only, while the numerator includes all offences committed locally).

Figure 4 shows similar patterns for sexual offences. The City of London rate (again, not shown in the chart) is 10.7 per 1,000.

Figure 3: Crude rate of violence against the person offences per 1,000 population (2015/16)

Figure 3: Crude rate of violence against the person offences per 1,000 population (2015/16)

Source: Public Health Outcomes Framework

Figure 4: Crude rate of sexual offences per 1,000 population (2015/16)

Figure 4: Crude rate of sexual offences per 1,000 population (2015/16)

Source: Public Health Outcome Framework

Hackney has similar rates of first time offenders, and percentage of offenders who re-offend, to most of its statistical peers.C  There is significant statistical uncertainty around these estimates for the City due to the relatively small numbers involved. More detail is available on the PHOF website.D

While there has been a slight increase in 2015/16 compared to 2014/15 figures (Table 6), the total number of recorded offences reduced in Hackney by 35% between 2002/03 and 2014/15 – equating to more than 13,000 fewer victims of crime.  This is a larger reduction than the 13% reduction reported by the Metropolitan Police Service for London as a whole. 3

Table 6 shows that, in Hackney, there has been increase in particular types of offences between 2014/15 and 2015/16, including a 12% increase in the number of violence against the person offences, a 15% increase in drug-related offences and a 16% increase in sexual offences.  Also, while the numbers are small, recorded homophobic and Islamophobic offences have increased proportionately over this period.  These increases may be linked to improved reporting processes as well as a greater willingness of victims to come forward. 4

Table 6: Number of crimes in Hackney, by type of offence (2014/15 – 2015/16)

Number of offences 2014/15 2015/16 % change
Total crimes 25,705 27,209 +5.9%
Violence against the person 7,596 8,474 +11.6%
Sexual offences 557 648 +16.3%
Robbery 993 1,000 +0.7%
Burglary 2,517 2,580 +2.5%
Theft and handling 10,385 10,564 +1.7%
Fraud and forgery 28 28 0%
Criminal damage 1,955 2,030 +3.8%
Drug related crime 1,224 1,411 +15.3%
Gun crime 76 82 +7.9%
Motor vehicle crime 2,192 2,142 -2.3%
Domestic crime 2,483 2,595 +4.5%
Racist and religious hate crime 535 583 +9.0%
Homophobic crime 82 106 +29.3%
Anti-Semitic crime 116 92 -20.7%
Islamophobic crime 30 46 +53.3%

Source: Metropolitan Police

As shown in Table 7, the total number of recorded offences in the City reduced by 1.7% for the year 2015/2016. However, there was a substantial increase in victim based violence offences over this period, with rape and other sexual offences increasing by 50% and 60% respectively. The City of London Police and Corporation have been working to raise awareness and encourage people to report these crimes, so part of this increase could be accounted for by positive reporting changes.  The number of public order offences also increased quite substantially over this period.

The biggest absolute increase in offences is in relation to shoplifting, with 98 more cases in 2015/16 than the previous year in the City. Work is currently underway to raise public awareness of this and encourage people to keep their belongings safe.

In the victim based acquisitive crime category, as a result of the work carried out by the City of London Police and Corporation in 2014/15 and 2015/16, bicycle theft continued to reduce, with 100 fewer cases of theft compared with the year before.

Table 7: Number of crimes in the City, by type of offence (2014/15 – 2015/16)

Offences 2014/15 2015/16 % change
Total crimes 5,317 5,227 -1.7%
Victim-based crime (total) (4,492) (4,365) -2.8%
Victim-based violence (total) (750) (906) +20.8%
·         homicide 1 2 +100%
·         violence with injury 342 396 +15.8%
·         violence without injury 348 415 +19.3%
·         rape 16 24 +50.0%
·         other sexual offences 43 69 +60.5%
Victim-based acquisitive crime (3,535) (3,194) -9.6%
·         robbery of business property 5 2 -60.0%
·         robbery of personal property 33 40 +21.2%
·         burglary in a dwelling 26 7 -73.1%
·         burglary – non dwelling 202 225 +11.4%
·         vehicles offences 196 109 -44.4%
·         theft from the person 384 424 +10.4%
·         bicycle theft 375 275 -26.7%
·         shoplifting 582 680 +16.8%
·         all other theft offences 1,732 1,432 -17.3%
Arson and criminal damage (total) (207) (265) +28.0%
Crimes against society (total) (826) (862) +4.4%
·         drug offences 414 390 -5.8%
·         procession of weapon offences 28 34 +21.4%
·         public order offences 210 265 +26.2%
·         misc. crime against society 174 173 -0.6%

Source: City of London Police

 

 

Notes

  1. Hackney’s statistical peers are local authorities with a similar demographic make up to Hackney, used for the purpose of comparisons. Hackney’s statistical peers are the ‘Cosmopolitan Inner London’ group: Camden, Hackney, Hammersmith and Fulham, Islington, Lambeth, Southwark, Tower Hamlets and Wandsworth.
  2.  http://www.phoutcomes.info/public-health-outcomes-framework#gid/1000041 
  3. Hackney’s statistical peers are local authorities with a similar demographic make up to Hackney, used for the purpose of comparisons. Hackney’s statistical peers are the ‘Cosmopolitan Inner London’ group: Camden, Hackney, Hammersmith and Fulham, Islington, Lambeth, Southwark, Tower Hamlets and Wandsworth.
  4.  http://www.phoutcomes.info/public-health-outcomes-framework#gid/1000041 

References

  1. Hackney Council, “Community Safety Partnership Plan 2016-2018,” London, 2016
  2. Office for National Statistics, “Chapter 4: Violence Crime and Sexual Offences – Intimate Personal Violence and Serious Sexual Assault,” 2015
  3. Hackney Council, “Community Safety Partnership Plan 2016-2018,” London, 2016
  4. Office for National Statistics, “Chapter 4: Violence Crime and Sexual Offences – Intimate Personal Violence and Serious Sexual Assault,” 2015