As mentioned in the Introduction section, smoking during pregnancy is a well-known cause of poor foetal growth and low birthweight, which puts babies at increased risk of ill health and death. 2

Figure 1 shows that the proportion of babies born with low birthweight in Hackney and the City is similar to London and England, and at the lower end of Hackney’s statistical peers.

Figure 2 suggests that the proportion of babies born with low birthweight has declined locally since 2005, although there is variation year on year due to small numbers.

Figure 1: Proportion of live, full-term (37+ weeks) babies with low birthweight (<2500g) (2014)

Source: Data from ONS, analysis by Public Health England

Notes: Values not available separately for Hackney and City

Figure 2: Proportion of live, full-term (37+ weeks) babies with low birthweight (<2500g) (2005-2014)

Source: Data from Office for National Statistics (ONS), analysis by Public Health England

Notes: Values not available separately for Hackney and City

References

  1. M. MB., “How does maternal smoking affect birth weight and maternal weight gain? Evidence from the Ontario Perinatal Mortality Study.,” American Journal of Obstetric Gynecology, vol. 131, no. 8, pp. 888-93, 1978.
  2. M. MB., “How does maternal smoking affect birth weight and maternal weight gain? Evidence from the Ontario Perinatal Mortality Study.,” American Journal of Obstetric Gynecology, vol. 131, no. 8, pp. 888-93, 1978.