The rate of child deaths may be regarded as a proxy indicator of harm due to vulnerability. However, it is important to note that this is an imperfect measure, as there are many causes of child death that are not related to vulnerability. In particular, the available data include perinatal deaths, most of which are not considered to be preventable.

The infant mortality rate (IMR) includes all children from birth until one year of age and is measured using data aggregated over three years to reduce year-on-year variability due to the small numbers involved. The IMR in Hackney was 5.5 per 1,000 in 2011-13. For more detail, please see the local data section of The Best Start in Life.

Nationally, most infant deaths occur in the neonatal period.B Neonatal mortality rates are strongly influenced by whether delivery is at term or preterm, with low birthweight babies accounting for two thirds of neonatal deaths. In comparison, post-neonatal mortality is thought to be influenced to a greater extent by parental circumstances, including their socio-economic position and the care they provide for their infant, as well as congenital abnormalities. 3

 For more information about infant mortality, please see The Best Start in Life.

The child mortality rate (CMR) includes all children aged 1-17 and is measured using data aggregated over three years. The CMR in Hackney was 15.8 per 100,000 in 2012-14 4 In the City of London there have been fewer than five child deaths in the last five years.

Notes

  1. Neonatal period is the first 28 days after birth
  2. Neonatal period is the first 28 days after birth

References

  1. “Facts and figures on infant mortality and stillbirths,” National Child and Maternal Health Intelligence Network, Public Health England, 2014
  2. “National Child and Maternal Health Intelligence Network,” Public Health England.
  3. “Facts and figures on infant mortality and stillbirths,” National Child and Maternal Health Intelligence Network, Public Health England, 2014
  4. “National Child and Maternal Health Intelligence Network,” Public Health England.