Looked after children

Nationally, boys are slightly more likely than girls to be looked after children. 7

Child sexual exploitation

Self-reported national data suggests that girls aged 11-17 are over two and a half times as likely as boys of the same age to experience ‘contact’ sexual abuse.B 8

Female genital mutilation (FGM)

FGM is by definition an inequality faced only by those with vulvas, the vast majority of whom are women and girls.

Young carers

In the 2011 census, 2.8% of male Hackney residents aged 0-24 and 3.6% of female Hackney residents aged 0-24 were recorded as providing unpaid care, making girls just under a third more likely than boys to be young carers. 9 Figures for the City of London were too small to compare.

Children with special educational needs (SEN)

Nationally, boys are just under twice as likely as girls to be recorded as having SEN. 10

Youth justice

Nationally, boys aged 0-17 are over three and a half times as likely as girls of the same age to become first-time entrants to the youth justice system. 11

Child deaths

Nationally, 58% of child deaths in 2015/16 were boys and 42% were girls, making boys about a third more likely than girls to die before the age of 18. 12

Notes

  1. Contact abuse involves the abuser physically touching the child; this is as opposed to non-contact abuse, such as encouraging a child to watch sexual acts, and online abuse.
  2. Contact abuse involves the abuser physically touching the child; this is as opposed to non-contact abuse, such as encouraging a child to watch sexual acts, and online abuse.

References

  1. Department for Education, “Children looked after in England including adoption: 2015 to 2016,” 29 September 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/children-looked-after-in-england-including-adoption-2015-to-2016. [Accessed 18 October 2016]
  2. National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, “How safe are our children? The most comprehensive review of child protection in the UK,” 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.nspcc.org.uk/globalassets/documents/research-reports/how-safe-children-2016-report.pdf. [Accessed 18 October 2016]
  3. “2011 Census,” Office for National Statistics, 2011
  4. Department for Education, “Special educational needs in England: January 2016,” 21 July 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/special-educational-needs-in-england-january-2016. [Accessed 17 October 2016]
  5. Ministry of Justice, “Youth justice annual statistics: 2014 to 2015,” 28 January 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/youth-justice-annual-statistics-2014-to-2015. [Accessed 17 October 2016]
  6. Department for Education, “Child death reviews: year ending 31 March 2016,” 14 July 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/child-death-reviews-year-ending-31-march-2016. [Accessed 17 October 2016]
  7. Department for Education, “Children looked after in England including adoption: 2015 to 2016,” 29 September 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/children-looked-after-in-england-including-adoption-2015-to-2016. [Accessed 18 October 2016]
  8. National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children, “How safe are our children? The most comprehensive review of child protection in the UK,” 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.nspcc.org.uk/globalassets/documents/research-reports/how-safe-children-2016-report.pdf. [Accessed 18 October 2016]
  9. “2011 Census,” Office for National Statistics, 2011
  10. Department for Education, “Special educational needs in England: January 2016,” 21 July 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/special-educational-needs-in-england-january-2016. [Accessed 17 October 2016]
  11. Ministry of Justice, “Youth justice annual statistics: 2014 to 2015,” 28 January 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/youth-justice-annual-statistics-2014-to-2015. [Accessed 17 October 2016]
  12. Department for Education, “Child death reviews: year ending 31 March 2016,” 14 July 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/child-death-reviews-year-ending-31-march-2016. [Accessed 17 October 2016]