Looked after children

Children of Black ethnicity are over-represented among Hackney’s looked after children (LAC) – accounting for nearly half (45%) of looked after children, but comprising less than one third (29%) of the local 0-19 population. Conversely, children of White ethnicity are under-represented among Hackney’s looked after children – accounting for less than one third (28%) of the LAC caseload, but comprising 41% of the local 0-19 population (Table 2).

Table 2: Ethnicity breakdown of looked after children in Hackney (31 March 2015)

  Proportion of LAC Proportion of all Hackney residents (0-19)
Black or Black British 45% 29%
White 28% 41%
Mixed 19% 10%
Asian or Asian British 6% 12%
Other ethnic group 2% 7%

Source: LAC: Children’s Social Care Bi-Annual Report to Members, July 2015

All residents: Census 2011 7

Female genital mutilation (FGM)

In line with the areas of high prevalence of FGM internationally shown in Figure 1, the UK communities that are most at risk of FGM include Kenyan, Somali, Sudanese, Sierra Leonean, Egyptian, Nigerian and Eritrean. Hackney is the sixth most diverse borough in London and, as such, contains relatively high numbers of people from some of these communities. 8

Parents with substance misuse issues

We do not have specific data, locally or nationally, on parents with substance misuse issues by ethnicity. However, please see Section 7.4 of the ‘Mental health and substance misuse’ chapter of the JSNA for information about substance misuse by ethnicity in in the wider population.

Young carers

Nationally, young carers are 1.5 more likely than their peers to be from Black, Asian and Minority Ethnic (BAME) communities, and are twice as likely not to speak English as their first language. 9

Children with special educational needs (SEN)

Nationally, Asian children are less likely than White children to be recorded as having SEN, and Black children are slightly more likely. 10

Youth justice

Nationally, Black children aged 10-17 are four times as likely as White children of the same age to become first-time entrants to the youth justice system. Asian children are 1.5 times as likely as White children. 11

Child deaths

Locally, the number of child deaths is too small to see patterns by ethnicity. Nationally, Black and Asian children are around twice as likely as White children to die before the age of 18. 12

 

References

  1. “2011 Census,” Office for National Statistics, 2011.
  2. “A Profile of Hackney, its People and Place,” London Borough of Hackney, 2016.
  3. The Children’s Society, “Hidden from view: The experiences of young carers in England,” 2013. [Online]. Available: http://www.childrenssociety.org.uk/sites/default/files/tcs/report_hidden-from-view_young-carers_final.pdf. [Accessed 17 October 2016]
  4. Department for Education, “Special educational needs in England: January 2016,” 21 July 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/special-educational-needs-in-england-january-2016. [Accessed 17 October 2016]
  5. Ministry of Justice, “Youth justice annual statistics: 2014 to 2015,” 28 January 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/youth-justice-annual-statistics-2014-to-2015. [Accessed 17 October 2016]
  6. Department for Education, “Child death reviews: year ending 31 March 2016,” 14 July 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/child-death-reviews-year-ending-31-march-2016. [Accessed 17 October 2016]
  7. “2011 Census,” Office for National Statistics, 2011.
  8. “A Profile of Hackney, its People and Place,” London Borough of Hackney, 2016.
  9. The Children’s Society, “Hidden from view: The experiences of young carers in England,” 2013. [Online]. Available: http://www.childrenssociety.org.uk/sites/default/files/tcs/report_hidden-from-view_young-carers_final.pdf. [Accessed 17 October 2016]
  10. Department for Education, “Special educational needs in England: January 2016,” 21 July 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/special-educational-needs-in-england-january-2016. [Accessed 17 October 2016]
  11. Ministry of Justice, “Youth justice annual statistics: 2014 to 2015,” 28 January 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/youth-justice-annual-statistics-2014-to-2015. [Accessed 17 October 2016]
  12. Department for Education, “Child death reviews: year ending 31 March 2016,” 14 July 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.gov.uk/government/statistics/child-death-reviews-year-ending-31-march-2016. [Accessed 17 October 2016]