Teenage pregnancies A are linked to risk factors for poor maternal and child health and an increased incidence of poorer birth outcomes. For instance, teenage mothers are six times as likely to smoke during pregnancy and 33% less likely to initiate breastfeeding than those aged over 30. 1 2 Poor health outcomes are described in Table 1.

Table 1: Poor health outcomes of teenage mothers and their babies

Poor outcome Teenage pregnancy associated with…
Maternal postnatal depression 200% increase 3
Infant mortality 44% increase 4
Low birthweight at term 25% increase 5
Living in child poverty (compared to mothers in their 20s) 63% higher 6
Low educational attainment of child Increased 7

 

 

 

Source: In table.

Notes

  1. Definitions of ‘teenage’ pregnancy vary (see Section 4.1.3). Typically, this may cover those aged 15-17 or all those aged 19 and under.

References

  1. “Reducing infant mortality in London: An evidence-based resouce,” Public Health England, 2015.
  2. F. McAndrew, J. Thompson, L. Fellows, A. Large, M. Speed and M. Renfrew, “Infant Feeding Survey 2010,” Health and Social Care Information Centre, 2012.
  3. “Teenage Pregnancy Strategy: Beyond 2010,” Department for Children, Schools and Families, 2010.
  4. “Reducing infant mortality in London: An evidence-based resouce,” Public Health England, 2015.
  5. “Reducing infant mortality in London: An evidence-based resouce,” Public Health England, 2015.
  6. “Teenage Parents Next Steps: Guidance for Local Authorities and Primary Care Trusts,” Department of Health; Department for Children, Schools and Families, 2007.
  7. “Reducing infant mortality in London: An evidence-based resouce,” Public Health England, 2015.