This section deals with some of the major physical health conditions experienced by children and young people after infancy. The chapter has been structured according to Box 1.

Please note that sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are described separately from reproductive health (i.e. contraception and pregnancy) in terms of risk factors, prevalence, inequalities and when making comparisons with other areas/over time (Sections 3.1 to 3.5). However, these areas are combined under ‘sexual and reproductive health’ when discussing evidence-based practice and local services (Sections 3.6 and 3.7).

Box 1: Chapter structure