We do not have local data on links between childhood long-term conditions and deprivation, but there are clear patterns at a national level.

  • Deprivation is not linked with childhood asthma prevalence, but is linked to higher severity of symptoms and lower quality of life.7 8 This is partly but not wholly due to higher smoking prevalence in more deprived communities.
  • There is a strong correlation between social deprivation and higher epilepsy prevalence.9
  • Type 1 diabetes is not linked to deprivation, but deprivation contributes to worse outcomes for young people with type 1 diabetes.10 11 Young people aged 10-19 living in the most deprived quintile of England and Wales are around seven times as likely as those living in the least deprived quintile to have type 2 diabetes. 12

References

  1. J. B. Austin, S. Selvaraj, D. Godden and G. Russell, “Deprivation, smoking, and quality of life in asthma,” Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 90, no. 3, pp. 253-257, 2004.
  2. M. Burr, C. Verrall and B. Kaur, “Social deprivation and asthma,” Respiratory Medicine, vol. 91, no. 10, pp. 603-608, 1997.
  3. [39] C. L. I. Morgan, Z. Ahmed and M. P. Kerr, “Social deprivation and prevalence of epilepsy and associated health usage,” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 69, no. 1, pp. 13-17, 2000.
  4. V. Connolly, N. Unwin, P. Sherriff, R. Bilous and W. Kelly, “Diabetes prevalence and socioeconomic status: a population based study showing increased prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in deprived areas,” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 137-177, 2000.
  5. National Paediatric Diabetes Audit; Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, “National Paediatric Diabetes Audit 2013-14 – Report 1: Care Processes and Outcomes,” February 2015. [Online]. Available: http://www.hqip.org.uk/public/cms/253/625/24/80/Diabetes%20-%20paediatric%20-%20national%20audit%20report%202015.pdf?realName=RFJWme.pdf. [Accessed 20 October 2016].
  6. National Paediatric Diabetes Audit; Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, “National Paediatric Diabetes Audit 2013-14 – Report 1: Care Processes and Outcomes,” February 2015. [Online]. Available: http://www.hqip.org.uk/public/cms/253/625/24/80/Diabetes%20-%20paediatric%20-%20national%20audit%20report%202015.pdf?realName=RFJWme.pdf. [Accessed 20 October 2016].
  7. J. B. Austin, S. Selvaraj, D. Godden and G. Russell, “Deprivation, smoking, and quality of life in asthma,” Archives of Disease in Childhood, vol. 90, no. 3, pp. 253-257, 2004.
  8. M. Burr, C. Verrall and B. Kaur, “Social deprivation and asthma,” Respiratory Medicine, vol. 91, no. 10, pp. 603-608, 1997.
  9. [39] C. L. I. Morgan, Z. Ahmed and M. P. Kerr, “Social deprivation and prevalence of epilepsy and associated health usage,” Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery and Psychiatry, vol. 69, no. 1, pp. 13-17, 2000.
  10. V. Connolly, N. Unwin, P. Sherriff, R. Bilous and W. Kelly, “Diabetes prevalence and socioeconomic status: a population based study showing increased prevalence of type 2 diabetes mellitus in deprived areas,” Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 137-177, 2000.
  11. National Paediatric Diabetes Audit; Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, “National Paediatric Diabetes Audit 2013-14 – Report 1: Care Processes and Outcomes,” February 2015. [Online]. Available: http://www.hqip.org.uk/public/cms/253/625/24/80/Diabetes%20-%20paediatric%20-%20national%20audit%20report%202015.pdf?realName=RFJWme.pdf. [Accessed 20 October 2016].
  12. National Paediatric Diabetes Audit; Royal College of Paediatrics and Child Health, “National Paediatric Diabetes Audit 2013-14 – Report 1: Care Processes and Outcomes,” February 2015. [Online]. Available: http://www.hqip.org.uk/public/cms/253/625/24/80/Diabetes%20-%20paediatric%20-%20national%20audit%20report%202015.pdf?realName=RFJWme.pdf. [Accessed 20 October 2016].