This chapter presents data on issues affecting the health and wellbeing of children and young people in the London Borough of Hackney and the City of London. The analysis identifies areas of unmet need through examination of health inequalities and by comparing local data with other areas and over time. The chapter also outlines the evidence for what works in meeting children and young people’s health needs, and describes key services and support. Much of the information contained within this chapter has been drawn from the detailed 0-5s needs assessment and 5-19s needs assessment published in 2016 (see Needs Assessment page). The chapter is structured into 5 main sections (each covering a different topic) listed below.