Browse by health theme
This theme covers information regarding the health and wellbeing needs of people from the City and Hackney at different stages in their life. A public health approach to ageing considers how biological and social changes affect the population while considering barriers and challenges to maintaining good health over the life course.
This theme covers information regarding the health and wellbeing needs of people from the City and Hackney who have a disability. Public health considers the relationship between an individual’s intrinsic state of health and the wider society and environment.
This theme covers information regarding the health and wellbeing needs of people from the City and Hackney who are from different ethnic groups in society. A public health approach to the theme explores how people from different ethnic and cultural backgrounds experience health and wellbeing.
This theme covers information regarding the health and wellbeing needs of people from the City and Hackney by gender. A public health approach to this theme investigates how the different ways people self-identify affects their health and wellbeing.
This theme covers information regarding the health and wellbeing needs of people from the City and Hackney by geographic location. A public health approach to this theme investigates how the different ways people self-identify affects their health and wellbeing.
Browse by health topic
Children and young people
This topic explores the issues affecting the health and wellbeing of children and young people in the City and Hackney.
Lifestyle and behaviour
This topic explores the way people’s health and wellbeing is shaped by the individual behaviours of the population (including areas such as smoking, physical activity, use of alcohol and diet).
Mental health and substance misuse
This topic explores the way people’s health and wellbeing is shaped by their mental health. A life course approach is used to understand manifestations of and ways of supporting positive
Soc&Env: Living standards: Introduction
This section describes living standards among the population of Hackney and the City, and the important links with health and wellbeing. Living standards relate to the material circumstances in which people live, and are influenced by levels of income and wealth, as well as access to goods and services. Living standards can be measured in …
CYP: Best Start in Life: Introduction
This section describes perinatal and infant health (for definitions, see Box 1) in Hackney and the City of London. Perinatal and infant health are heavily dependent on the health of the mother during and immediately after pregnancy. For this reason, indicators of maternal health are also covered in this section. Key perinatal health outcomes include …
CYP: Best Start in Life: Causes and risk factors
Further information on the causes and risk factors of poor health in children and young people (relating to having the best start in life) are framed around the topic headings listed below. The information on this page presents a general overview of causes and risk factors to poor health in this stage of the life …
CYP: Best Start in Life: Causes and Risk Factors: Maternal smoking
Smoking is the single most important modifiable risk factor in pregnancy, accounting for one in 14 preterm deaths and one in three cases of SUDI. Not only does smoking increase the risk of infant mortality, it also accounts for one in five cases of low birthweight in babies carried to full term, and one in …
CYP: Best Start in Life: Causes and Risk Factors: Maternal weight
Maternal weight is classified according to body mass index (BMI), with a BMI of 25 to 29.9 being classified as overweight and 30 or greater being defined as obese. Overweight and obesity in pregnancy is associated with significantly increased risk of infant mortality (odds ratio 1.25 and 1.37, respectively), even after adjusting for a range …
CYP: Best Start in Life: Causes and Risk Factors: Teenage pregnancy
Teenage pregnancies are linked to risk factors for poor maternal and child health and an increased incidence of poorer birth outcomes. For instance, teenage mothers are six times as likely to smoke during pregnancy and 33% less likely to initiate breastfeeding than those aged over 30. Poor health outcomes are described in Table 1. Table …
L&B: Alcohol: Areas of limited evidence
Media campaigns Media campaigns and associated population level interventions may be designed to increase alcohol awareness and reduce alcohol-related harm, by influencing people’s perceptions and behaviours. One example of a national campaign is Dry January. Use of ‘new’ media (e.g. through mobile phone apps) is also used to encourage people to change their drinking behaviour. …
L&B: Alcohol: Evidence on Licensing, price, enforcement and advertising
Making changes to the environment where risky behaviour takes place has the potential to reduce harmful outcomes. This includes action such as controlling alcohol sales, pricing or the density and number of outlets A recent review of evidence by Public Health England found that policies that reduce the affordability of alcohol are the most effective, …